What is Nepal famous for?
The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked and beautiful country on the planet in southern Asia between India to the east, west, and south and Tibet, an autonomous region of China to the north. It is a sovereign country with a diverse geography that includes the fertile plain in the south, forested hills in the middle, and eight of the world’s tallest mountains including Mount Everest in the north.
This small country extends 800 kilometers east to west and 200 kilometers north to south consisting of 147516 square kilometers. That is to say, Nepal occupies 0.03 percent of the earth’s whole area and 0.3 percent of the Asia continent. It is the 49th and 93rd the largest country by population and area respectively in the world. Despite having a small territory, it gives you the experience of almost all parts of the globe. The plain terai has an equatorial climate whereas the mountains in the north offer a polar climate.
It is a multi-ethnic country where 101 ethnic groups and 125 cultures are recognized. 121 languages are recorded as national languages and the Nepali language is used as an official language of the country. Thus, Nepal is heaven on earth.
Nepal is a naturally, culturally, and historically beautiful country in South Asia. Despite having a small territory Nepal is geographically so diverse. According to the newly released map in 2020, its total area is 147516 square kilometers. However, this country extends in elevation from 59 meters (Kechana Kawal in Jhapa) to the summit of Mount Everest at 8848.86 meters. Nepal is also known as the country of the Himalayas or the country of Mount Everest.
Nepal owns 8 of the world’s 14 peaks over 8000 meters. 8 out of those 14 are in Nepal. All these mountains do not only offer stunning views to the visitors but also hold out the world-class mountaineering and trekking expeditions. This beautiful land lures millions of tourists around the world because of its grandeur landscape, amazing history, and unique cultures. The UNESCO has enlisted the 10 locations of this country in World Heritage Sites. Mountaineering and trekking in the Himalayas are an amazing experience. Visiting those cultural and natural sites provides a life-changing experience to nature lovers, culture and history enthusiasts, explorers, and adventurers.
Mountaineering is the most challenging and rewarding adventure in the world. Nepal is only the country having high potential in mountaineering since the highest peak on the planet and many other mountains belong to it. It is the dream and the final goal of every mountaineer to successfully summit Mount Everest. Mountaineering in the world especially in Nepal started flourishing after the successful climb to the summit of Mount Everest by Sir Edmund Hilary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa on 29 May 1953.
Trekking and Mountaineering in Nepal
Trekking is an act of walking for a few days, weeks, or months exploring and enjoying the scenery and the situation that befalls on the way. By nature, it is challenging and it requires certain capacities like endurance, physical, mental, and psychological strength to achieve the goal. As Nepal is the country of the Himalayas, it is the best location for national and international trekkers. Trekking offers multiple benefits. It helps to improve physical and mental fitness, reduce stress, and boost cultural understanding. In addition, trekking is useful for wildlife encounters, understanding nature, and finally gives satisfaction to mind, body, and soul. Thus, trekking is an amazing learning experience.
The Himalayas in Nepal offers many long and short routes for trekkers. Everest Base Camp Trek, Annapurna Circuit Trek, Manaslu Circuit Trek, Kanchanjanga Circuit Trek, Langtang Region Trek, etc. are the long treks. Whereas Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek, Kalinchowk Trekking, Balthali Village Trek, Everest View Trek, etc. are popular short treks in Nepal.
Rafting is an adventurous, sometimes fatal, and recreational outdoor activity done on a river or other body of water. The hundred of rivers flowing from the high mountains to the lowland Terai are most suitable for rafting. Trisuli, Seti, Bhotekoshi, Kali Gandaki, Marsyangdi, Arun, Sunkoshi, Karnali, Tamur, etc. are popular rivers in Nepal famous for rafting.
Pokhara is the second important city after Kathmandu. It is the best adventure and leisure destination. It is also the gateway to many treks and expeditions in the Annapurna region. A short hike to Sarangkot, the amazing views of sunrise and sunset, the large extended Pokhara city give the impression of paradise. Pokhara is also a special location to enjoy boating in the Fewa and Rara lakes. Paragliding, zipline, bungee, and pony rides are other specialties of Pokhara. Further, it offers you the best souvenir shops.
Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal is the cultural hub and the city of temples. The number of temples in Kathmandu is believed to be the same as the number of houses. However, in recent days the rapid construction of the houses seems to fail the statement. Kathmandu valley is the first city in the world having 7 UNESCO World Heritage sites. It includes the World’s largest Buddhist stupa, the Boudhanath, and the Pasupatinath, a destination for millions of Hindu pilgrimages around the world. Changunarayan temple is the oldest discovery of Nepal believed to be built in the 3rd century.
World Heritage Sites
The three Durbar Squares in different cities in the valley Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, and Bhaktapur Durbar Square are outstanding historical palaces for the visitors. You can explore the 17th-century architectural buildings and monuments in these locations. Swyambunath, the Monkey Temple is another important cultural heritage site in Kathmandu. It is an excellent location giving a sense of religious tolerance. Buddhist stupa and Hindu temple are built together signifying the country as the home to multi-religious, multi-ethnic, and multi-cultural people. The visitors can easily notice Nepal’s most important characteristic, ‘Unity in Diversity’ on this site.
Lumbini, the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautam is another historical and cultural site situated in the Rupandehi district in Province no. 5 in Nepal. It is the perfect location for culture and history enthusiasts who please to discover crucial information about Buddha and Buddhism. Mayadevi temple, Ashoka Pillar, World Peace Pagoda, Myanmar Golden Temple, Lumbini Crane Sanctuary, etc. are the major attractions of Lumbini.
National Parks In Nepal
Chitwan National Park is Nepal’s one of the most popular tourist destinations of Nepal. It is the first National Park of Nepal located in the subtropical inner Terai lowlands of south-central Nepal. This national park is home to nearly 700 species of wildlife. Endangered one-horned Rhinoceros, Bengal Tiger, Swamp Deer, Four-horned Antelope, and much other wildlife inhabit here. This is one of the best tiger habitats in the world. You can find hundreds of vegetations here. Jungle safari (travel in the national park) riding on an elephant is an amazing life experience in Chitwan National Park.
Sagarmatha National Park is located in the Himalayas of eastern Nepal giving a home to thousands of flora and fauna. Since it is only a national park laying in higher elevation, it is the perfect tourist destination because of the dramatic mountains, glaciers, and deep valleys dominated by Mount Everest. The snow leopard and Lesser Panda in the national park, unique culture and lifestyles of Sherpas living near the national park add the extra charm to this region.
Finally, we feel proud to expose our amazing locations of our wonderful country. Although Nepal is a small country in size, it offers something special to everyone around the globe. Visit once and you will long to live another hundred years to love and enjoy the world you are in.